You walk on your floors everyday, but do you know what different layers comprise them? Understanding the anatomy of your floors will give you insight into why squeaks, sags, and other annoying floor problems occur and help you avoid them.
Joists are the base of your floor. They are the cross-beams that are built on top of the home’s foundation and are usually the source of common flooring problems such as squeaks and sags. These often occur because of damage to, or incorrect installation of, the joists.
Subfloor is generally made of plywood and is places above the joist. This layer is used to provide a sturdier base for the floor, which prevents stress and wear to the joists.
This layer is placed above the subfloor and makes the floor soft to walk on while muffling sound. This layer is required if you are installing “floating” floors, such as laminate, that do not attach to the subfloor. If you’re installing down tile or natural stone that require grout, you’ll need to use a waterproof underlayment. It’s also used to glue down vinyl flooring.
This is the most exciting part of the flooring, as it’s the part you see everyday. Floor coverings are the materials you choose for your flooring, such as carpet, tile, or hardwood.
If you have any more questions about the anatomy of your floor or anything else, give us a call! Our team is here to answer any of your flooring related questions!